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期末考題- Morbid thoughts make you reach for the cookies

Morbid thoughts make you reach for the cookies

8:27AM Tuesday June 24, 2008

A study has found that people tend to overeat and overspend when faced with the thought of their own mortality. Photo / Bay of Plenty Times

A study has found that people tend to overeat and overspend when faced with the thought of their own mortality. Photo / Bay of Plenty Times

NEW YORK - Thinking about your own death can make you reach for the cookie jar, with an international study finding that morbid thoughts tend to whet the appetite.

Researchers Naomi Mandel from Arizona State University and Dirk Smeesters from Erasmus University Rotterdam in the Netherlands conducted several experiments in Europe and the United States where participants wrote essays on their feelings about their own deaths.

They then checked off items on a grocery list or ate cookies.

Consumers who wrote about their own deaths wanted to buy more and ate more than those who wrote about a painful medical procedure.

"People want to consume more of all kinds of foods, both healthy and unhealthy, when thinking about the idea that they will die some day," said the researchers in a report published in the Journal of Consumer Research.

They found people with low self-esteem, in particular, tend to over-consume after death-related thoughts.

Mandel and Smeesters explained this by using a theory called "escape from self-awareness".

"When people are reminded of their inevitable mortality, they may start to feel uncomfortable about what they have done with their lives and whether they have made a significant mark on the universe. This is a state called 'heightened self-awareness'," they said.

 

"One way to deal with such an uncomfortable state is to escape from it, by either overeating or overspending."

The study also revealed that placing a mirror in front of the participants reduced the desire to over-consume.

"Consumers, especially those with a lower self-esteem, might be more susceptible to over-consumption when faced with images of death during the news or their favourite crime-scene investigation shows," they said.

- REUTERS

原文來源:http://www.nzherald.co.nz/section/6/story.cfm?c_id=6&objectid=10518009&ref=rss 


下面是我個人嘗試的翻譯

死亡的念頭可能導致大吃

 

 

    在一份近期的國際調查顯示,想到自己的死亡,可能會伸手去拿整罐的餅乾,病態的想法會增強食慾。

 

 

    從亞利桑那州立大學的Naomi Mandel和荷蘭的鹿特丹伊拉斯莫斯大學的Dirk Smeesters研究員針對來自歐洲和美國的參與者實施多次實驗,寫出有關於想到自己死亡的感覺的報告。這些受測者可以在雜貨清單上打勾或吃餅乾,而這些受測於寫下想到自己死亡感官的病患,比起寫下痛苦經驗的病患會想要吃更多的餅乾。

 

 

    一份研究報告於《消費者研究雜誌》(The Journal of Consumer Research) 中的研究員說:「當人只要想到有一天會死,就會想要吃下更多無論是健康或不健康的食物。」 研究員發現自尊心較低的人,會更容易聯想到死亡感覺的人會傾向於成癮。

 

 

    MandelSmeesters使用「自我意識逃避(escape from self-awareness)」的理論解釋這個現象。他們繼續解釋到:「當人們意識到自己並非長生不老的時候,他們開始會感到不舒服,進而回想起自己的生命,是否在這個世界上留下逐為人稱誦的事蹟;而這是一種高度自我意識的表徵。」

 

 

    「為了要紓解這一種不舒服的狀態的方法所採取的逃避模式,通常會有過度飲食或消費的表現。」

以上翻譯,歡迎指教^^

找到的翻譯版本:死亡念頭可能導致大吃- 研究| 奇聞軼事| 

 

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